Rituals and Customs of a Buddhist Funeral

buddhist funeral
buddhist funeral setup

Buddhism, one of the most widespread religions in Singapore, profoundly impacts the everyday lives and death rites of its followers. Funeral rituals, integral to Buddhism, serve as a means to honor the deceased, comfort the grieving, and reflect on the universal truth of impermanence. This article explores these rituals, delving into the customs of a Buddhist funeral in Singapore.

Understanding Death in Buddhism

The Buddhist perspective on death is anchored on the concepts of impermanence (anicca), suffering (dukkha), and non-self (anatta). Death is not seen as an end, but rather a transition within the continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as samsara.

Funeral rites are more than mere ceremonial procedures; they are an opportunity for the living to contemplate the nature of existence, express compassion, and cultivate merit for the deceased, potentially aiding them in their journey through the afterlife.

Pre-Funeral Rituals and Customs

In Singapore, when a Buddhist individual passes away, the death is announced, and preparations for the funeral commence immediately. The body is ritually washed, dressed, and positioned in a way that reflects the meditative posture. A vigil often takes place at the home of the deceased, where monks or family members lead chanting sessions to generate positive energy and merit.

The Buddhist Funeral Ceremony in Singapore

A typical Buddhist funeral in Singapore comprises a rich tapestry of rites and rituals. Monks often preside over the ceremony, leading family members in chanting sutras, sacred Buddhist scriptures. These sutras are believed to generate merits, which are then symbolically transferred to the deceased, aiding them in their journey through the afterlife.

A crucial element of the ceremony is the offering made by the bereaved to the Sangha (monastic community) and the deceased. This act of generosity, known as dana, reinforces the principles of giving, an essential Buddhist virtue. The ceremony also includes a final farewell, where the bereaved express their grief, love, and respect for the deceased.

The symbolism ingrained in these rituals extends beyond the act itself. They serve as reminders of the law of karma – that every action has consequences, and of samsara, the cyclical nature of existence.

Post-Funeral Customs

In Singapore, Buddhist funerals usually culminate in cremation, though burials are not unheard of. Post-funeral, a mourning period known as ‘sgwan,’ or the 49-day period, is observed. It is believed that during this time, the deceased undergoes judgment in the afterlife, and the living can influence this process positively through their prayers and actions.

Memorial services are often held during this period and annually on the death anniversary, allowing families to commemorate their loved ones and reaffirm their faith in the Buddhist teachings.

The Role of Funeral Homes

The traditions and rituals encompassed in Buddhist funerals in Singapore are complex, steeped in rich cultural heritage and religious significance. As such, navigating this intricate process requires expert guidance and understanding. This is where funeral homes in Singapore step in, serving as vital facilitators in conducting these ceremonies.

  • Comprehensive Funeral Services

Funeral homes in Singapore offer a range of comprehensive services to cater to the diverse requirements of a Buddhist funeral. They assist with the initial steps following a death, including transportation of the body, preparation for viewing (including embalming if required), arranging for caskets, and setting up a condolence area for visitors.

The staff at funeral homes are knowledgeable about the specific customs to be observed in Buddhist ceremonies, such as arranging the prayer area with Buddhist symbols and icons, setting up the incense and offering table, and managing the ritualistic bathing and dressing of the deceased.

  • Liaison with Monastic Community

A key service provided by funeral homes is liaising with the monastic community. Funeral directors can help contact monks and arrange for them to lead chanting sessions, officiate the funeral service, and provide spiritual guidance to the grieving family. This ensures that the entire ceremony aligns with Buddhist teachings and traditions.

  • Advisory Role

Funeral homes also serve as advisors to the bereaved family, educating them about the traditional practices of a Buddhist funeral and guiding them through each step of the process. They help families understand the significance of various rituals, such as the chanting of sutras, making offerings to the deceased and the Sangha, and the symbolic transfer of merit.

  • Post-Funeral Services

Beyond the funeral ceremony itself, funeral homes offer services to manage post-funeral rites. This includes organizing memorial services during the ‘sgwan’ or 49-day mourning period, and annual remembrance ceremonies on death anniversaries. They also assist with the handling and distribution of ashes following cremation, arranging for burial or niche spaces in columbariums, and providing necessary resources such as memorial tablets. At Hearts Funeral, we are a one-stop shop for all afterlife services, and are able to provide estate planning, will distribution and LPA services.

  • Cultural Sensitivity

Funeral homes in Singapore exhibit great cultural sensitivity and respect for the traditions they facilitate. They understand that these rites offer comfort to the grieving and a means for the living to express their love and respect for the departed. By providing meticulous, compassionate services, funeral homes play a vital role in the spiritual journey of both the living and the deceased in the Buddhist community of Singapore.


Understanding the rituals and customs of a Buddhist funeral in Singapore gives us a glimpse into the profound impact of religious beliefs on death practices. These customs are not mere traditions passed down through generations. They embody the core principles of Buddhism – impermanence, compassion, and the continuous cycle of life and death. Through these practices, Buddhists in Singapore continue to honor their loved ones, find comfort in their grief, and reaffirm their faith in the Buddhist teachings.